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爱尔兰女孩发明新型睡袋为无家可归者送温暖

  “Sometimes you just look at something and wonder, ‘Could this be better?’”

  “有时候你看着某一件东西,你就会想,‘它还能更好吗?’”

  That was teen Emily Duffy’s question when she started thinking about the living conditions of the homeless.

  当少女艾米莉·达菲开始思考无家可归者的生活状况时,她提出这样的疑问。

  After researching the issue, then at age 15, the Irish schoolgirl in Limerick decided to create a high-tech sleeping bag for the homeless.

  在做了相关调查后,这个当时年仅15岁的爱尔兰利默里克女学生决定为无家可归者发明一款高科技睡袋。

  A year after she first thought of the idea, the bag is now being made by homeless men in Dublin, in a workshop designed to help them get back into the workforce.

  如今离她最初的想法已经过去一年了,这款专为无家可归者设计的睡袋已经在都柏林的一家工作室制成,这家工作室的目的是为了帮助无家可归者获得工作。

  It all started Jan. 9, 2015, when Duffy entered the Irish “BT Young Scientist and Technology Exhibition.” There, she presented a waterproof, fireproof sleeping bag and was noticed by the Mendicity Institution, a homeless charity in Dublin.

  一切开始于2015年1月9日,达菲参加爱尔兰“全国青年科学家科技展”的那天。在展览上,她展出的一款防水、防火的睡袋,引起了专为无家可归者提供服务的慈善组织“流浪者救助协会”的关注。

  Mendicity manager Charles Richards offered her a deal: They would set up a workshop where service users would learn how to make their own sleeping bags and get paid for it.

  “流浪者救助协会”负责人查尔斯·理查德提出一笔交易:他们将会建立一个工作室,在其中工作的服务使用者(无家可归者)将会学习如何制造睡袋,并且给他们发放工资。”

  “I knew straight away that there was going to be a use for my product and it would become something more that I could even imagine,” Duffy told ABC News. “They tested them out, made a few modifications to fit what they wanted and that’s how the Duffily bag came to be.”

  “我马上领会到我设计出来的产品是有实际用途的,比想象中更有用,”达菲告诉ABC新闻。“他们对睡袋进行了全面的检验,并适当改进,使其更加适合他们的需求。这就是‘达菲睡袋’的制作过程。”

  The sleeping bags, now called Duffily Bags, are being distributed at the Merchants Quay Night Café in Dublin and several were sent for migrants and refugees in Calais, northern France.

  这种睡袋,现在被称为“达菲睡袋”,正由都柏林的“商人码头夜间咖啡馆”发行销售,一些被送往法国北部加来的难民。

  The bag itself has been through a series of changes. The metallic bubble wrap was a perfect find, Duffy, now 16, said. “It was water resistant, non-flammable and it also retained heat because it’s used as an insulator,” she added.

  这款睡袋本身经历了一系列改进。今年已经16岁的达菲说,金属的气泡膜外包装材料是完美的发现。“由于是一种绝缘体材料,它防水、不易燃并且能蓄热,”她补充说。

  The Mendicity, primarily a food center, expanded its activities with the aim of introducing homeless people to the value of work. The sleeping bag workshop runs twice a week and is meant for long-term homeless who have no entitlements in Ireland.

  “流浪者救助协会”, 最初是一个食品中心站,后来扩展了其活动范围,主要向无家可归者介绍工作的价值。睡袋工作室一周进行两次工作,主要是为爱尔兰没有津贴的长期无家可归者而设立的。

  “It’s providing them with a sense of achievement, of pride, for a product that they actually take from start and they actually see it finished,” workshop manager Simona Sav told ABC News.

  “见证一个产品的诞生到完成,能让这些无家可归者获得成就感、自豪感,”工作室的经理西蒙娜·萨夫告诉ABC新闻。

  “Sometimes they take on the role of helping the newer people training them so that helps them become responsible and stay sober,” Sav said.

  “有时,他们扮演着帮助新手的角色,训练他们,因此他们也变得更加有责任心,并保持清醒,”萨夫说。

  They are paid 20 euros (about $22.50) per session.

  每次工作他们能获得20欧元(约188元人民币)的报酬。

  They have already had success stories, Sav said, with former participants now with part-time or full time employment, but also with current participants making improvements and gaining in confidence and well-being.

  他们早已创造了很多成功故事,萨夫说,之前有些参与者成为了工作室的全职或兼职员工,并且近期的参与者在此得到了提升,增强了自信心和幸福感。

  Mendicity is recruiting for a service user who could work as a workshop manager. They would also like to increase the number of participants, currently at four, and maybe even start looking at other products to make from scratch.

  目前,“流浪者救助协会”正在招募一名服务使用者作为工作室的管理人员。他们也想要增加参与者的数量,目前是4人,他们可能会从其他产品开始入手。

  Duffy, still in school, works closely with The Mendicity staff but she has also moved on to other projects.

  达菲,目前仍在校学习,她与“流浪者救助协会”的员工有着密切的合作关系,但是她也正转向其他项目。

  "I think she was born that way," her mother, Margaret Duffy, told ABC News. "That’s been her attitude to life: need to do something, figure it out, do it and move on."

  “我认为她生来就是这样,”达菲的母亲玛格丽特·达菲告诉ABC新闻。“这就是她的生活态度:需要做某事,弄明白,开始行动,并不断努力。”


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